…ans. That is the very definition of institutional racism, and it’s conducted right out in the open. I would be completely in favor of affirmative action if it were done on the basis of income and assets (which would result in favoring poor people of all races over rich people of all races and, thus, target all those who are actually less privileged in our society rather than those who merely look a certain way), and I would be all for the abolition of legacy admissions (which just keeps existing hierarchies in place), but when affirmative action is done on the basis of race, all it does is send whites and Asians a message that they weren’t born into the right racial group, while sending black people a message that they’re not good enough to make it into a competitive institution without getting a special helping hand. Your example of prisons is also a controversial one about which there’s been much debate, but since…
Now this is a valid point. But I am very well versed in The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which is the impetus behind Johnson’s executive order that came to be known as Affirmative Action. And you’re right, it was and still is sloppily implemented, but it was designed to reverse the LEGAL discrimination that Black Americans had been subjected to FOR CENTURIES, prior to 1964…and thus idiotic idea that it had run its course and corrected all that, is just that, pure idiocy.
It never actually did what it intended, and yet trying to turn that back is also futile, primarily because these old systems are breaking down and being replaced by new ones. The new systems are not going to give anyone a preference based on race, but money and the ability to navigate the new virtual systems.